History of Computers

Computers have evolved so much over the past ten years. They have also become an important part of everyday life. People around the world use computers on a regular basis to watch their favorite TV show, read the news, and communicate with friends and family. Of course that is all with the aid of the Internet, but that is a whole other story.

Charles Babbage proposed the idea of constructing a machine that was capable of calculating numbers and printing mathematical tables. Babbage was by far the individual responsible for the invention of the computer and computing.

Each computer built after Babbage’s was built off the success of the previous model and was each time improved. By 1943 Turing COLOSSUS made its appearance as the first programmable computer. During World War II it was used to decipher coded messages that were sent from Germany. Following the programmable computer was the first electronic computer called ENIAC or the brain. By 1951, the UNIVAC was the first computer that was purchased by a governmental agency, the U.S> Census Bureau.

The invention of the Apple Macintosh computer in 1977 revolutionized the way regular users use their computers. The invention of computer games and word processing paved the way for computers like Apple to succeed. The IBM PC was born three years after Apple. IBM computers were mostly used by governmental agencies and major corporations around the world. Today, PC is a common household name with computers like HP, Dell, and Toshiba.

Every year new technologies have made it possible for smarter computers to be made and used for things other than personal use. There are computers around the world that are capable of manufacturing, surgery, construction, and even being the major think tank of a corporation.